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what is the rosetta stone and why is it important

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During the French campaign to Egypt the city gained great fame after the discovery of Rosetta stone in Qaitbay citadel. This famous stone was the key ofdeciphering the mystery of the ancient Egyptian languageand it is now exhibited in the British Museum of London.

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  • What is the Rosetta Stone?

  • T he Rosetta Stone is one of the most famous artifacts in all of archaeology. It is a stone 鈥渟tele鈥?(pronounced STEE-lee) inscribed with the same decree in three different scripts used in Egypt at the time of its creation: on the top is Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics, the middle portion in Demotic script, and the lower portion is Ancient Greek.

  • How did the Rosetta Stone help scholars crack the Code of hieroglyphics?

  • It wasn’t until the 19th century-two thousand years after its creation-that the Rosetta Stone helped scholars at long last crack the code of hieroglyphics. French army engineers who were part of Napoleon Bonaparte 鈥檚 Egypt campaign discovered the stone slab in 1799 while making repairs to a fort near the town of Rashid (Rosetta).

  • When was the Rosetta Stone sent to the British Museum?

  • After the Stone was shipped to England in February 1802, it was presented to the British Museum by George III in July of that year. The Rosetta Stone and other sculptures were placed in temporary structures in the Museum grounds because the floors were not strong enough to bear their weight!

  • What is the Rosetta Disk?

  • Inspired by the Rosetta Stone, linguists of the world came together to form the Rosetta Project, which is aimed at conserving languages, both major and native, in a bid to ensure that no language is lost. To this end, this group of specialists have built a digital library known as the Rosetta Disk.

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